Kayaking, Rowing

Basic technique and guideline you should know when sailing

This article will guide you on the basic techniques of sailing as progress, rotation and rowing control boat so you can row as you like.

Here are ways to hold the paddle

The distance between your hands when holding the handle of the paddle is approximately equal to the shoulder.

If the distance between your hands is too wide, you will have strong rowing force but quickly tired because the position of this hand requires more effort of the upper body to pull the paddle through the water.

If the distance between your hands is too narrow, then there is a high chance that your steps will have no force.

No matter where you hold the paddle, avoid holding it too tight, which can make you tired, instead, hold it comfortably, open your fingers a bit and hold the paddle moderately.

In each hand, press the forefinger and thumb and form an O-shape to hold the paddle handle comfortably. This is a favorite way of holding down, reducing fatigue, reminding you to push the paddle while padding forward.

When hands are placed in the correct position as follows.

The knuckles point up

Paddle blades erect

Beginners often use unfeathered paddle blades. Although, in windy conditions, the use of “feathered” (angled) paddle blades can reduce wind resistance.

When you pull the paddle out of the water, the wind can affect a flat paddle blade and cause it to catch the wind, creating resistance. Feathered paddle blades have a lower wind-less surface, creating less resistance. 

Most modern paddle handles have a switch in the middle that allows you to turn the oar blades 30 degrees, 45 degrees or 60 degrees. The common rotation angles are 45 degrees and 60 degrees.

Ideal angle? Depending on personal preferences and experience of each person. Most rowers prefer a larger angle because it reduces wind resistance. However, if this angle is greater than 60 degrees, the rower’s wrist will be painful, uncomfortable in the long run.


The step forward is the most basic movement when sailing, involving many factors, not just the arm force. A good stride is made possible by the effort to connect the upper part of the arm and the basic muscles (back, abdomen and glutes). Combining these muscle groups allows you to push the boat efficiently and without causing arm and shoulder fatigue.


Rowing is the ‘most in need of fitness’ water sport

Although historical records show that its origins date back to centuries, boat racing has been a sport for the past 200 years.

The interest increased after the universities of Oxford and Cambridge competed in the River Thames in 1829, which is the confrontation that continues to this day with the annual sailing competition.

And with the Olympics, the competition is even more intense because there is a medal measure with the participation of dozens of countries.

The boat race at Eton Dorney is 2,200 meters long and the 200 meter long race is divided into six lanes. Boat racing is present at every Olympics and was first launched at the Olympics in Paris in 1900. From July 28 to August 4, 550 athletes (353 men and 197 women) will compete at Eton Dorney.

About 8 seater racing boat

The master is the person responsible for steering the boat, giving orders and adjusting the other eight members on board. The middle positions (seats 4, 5, 6) are for the strongest athletes on the 8-person racing boat. They are the main resource.

Seat number 8 is the holding position, this athlete will decide the rowing pace of the team. There are a total of 14 medal events, of which 8 are for men and 6 for women. Rowing requires rigorous training and athletes must exercise during extreme weather.

Rowers use almost full-body muscles when sailing, especially leg, back and arm muscles with a complex combination of limbs and perform very well. Therefore, boat racing is one of the most physically demanding subjects in the Olympics. Rowing is competed in groups and is a group development skill for group communication.

You do not need to be an Olympic standard athlete to enjoy the sport in the UK because there are clubs that facilitate participation in social events outside of the regular competition.

There are 55,000 people from 520 clubs in the UK at least once a week and in the UK there are about 300 events across the UK and membership costs £ 35-450 per year.